In 1926, Professor J. F. Thorpe wrote a paper about the scope of organic chemistry published in Nature [1]. Organic chemistry is defined as the chemistry of compounds of carbons covers a wide field, wider than covered by any other elements. Its scope embraces all living matter as well as the vast number of non-living substances which are produced through the agency of live. This can be a very great number of compound unrelated to life or to living processes which have been built up by chemist in the laboratory by method he has devised.  Application of organic compounds is enormous and also includes, but is not limited to pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, food, explosives, paints, and cosmetics [2].

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We are like dwarfs sitting on the shoulders of giants. We see more, and things that are more distant, than they did, not because our sight is superior or because we are taller than they, but because they raise us up, and by their great stature add to ours.  “Sir Isaac Newton”


Basically, science is a systematic study of anything which could be examined, tested, measured, analyzed and verified to find the truth about the object of study itself. In general, science could be distinguished into two parts, hard sciences and soft sciences. The hard sciences consists of all natural sciences, physics, chemistry and biology; and the soft sciences consists of all aspect in social sciences. Murray Gell-Mann, a Nobel Prize winner in physics, said that hard sciences are more fundamental due to its logical aspect. Therefore, in this explanation about the most important thing in science is limited into the common aspect of the hard sciences. Read more